TCM Physiological Theory

TCM Traditional Chinese Medicine

Qi

The Yang Energy System

There are 2 types of qi. One is congenital qi ( Hsiantian ) and the other is acquired qi ( Houtian ). Congenital qi is qi of the organs and channels, and it is acquired from the parents. In acquired qi, there is nutrient qi ( Yingqi ) which circulates in the vessels and supplies mainly the viscera, and defensive qi (Weiqi) which circulates outside the vessels and is mainly distributed in the muscles and skin. It (Weiqi) nourishes the subcutaneous tissues, controls the opening and closing of the pore and defends the body against infection.

Both acquired qi and congenital qi meet in the chest at the centre cavity ( Zhongiao ) of the middle warmer of the Sanjiao to form the essential qi ( zongqi ) which nourishes the heart and lung to promote blood circulation and respiration respectively.

Liver

The liver is situated at the right hypochondriac region, its connecting fu organ is the gall bladder. The functions of the liver are:

It regulates the blood flow to the tissues and organs and also influences menstruation. During rest, part of the blood remains in the liver, while during activity, blood is released and this release of blood is controlled by the liver.

Prolonged anger weakens the qi of the liver so that the liver will not function properly leading to headache, upset of stomach and costal region pain, fainting spells and even vommitting of blood. On the other hand a dysfunction of the liver leads to constant anger.

The liver promotes the function of the spleen and stomach in digestion and absorption. It affects the secretion of bile and excretion into the intestine.

When there is sufficient qi in the liver the tendons are strong and extension and flexion are free.

The liver controls the eyes and the growth of the nail.

Anger and the taste of sourness will affect the liver. The colour green relates to the liver and responds to the tendon system.

Blood

The Yin Energy System

Blood and qi are closely related. The formation and circulation of blood depend on the qi while formation and distribution of qi depend on the blood to carry it to the various organs. A deficiency of blood will lead to a deficiency of qi, while a deficiency of qi will lead to a deficiency of blood. A stagnation of qi will bring about a stagnation of blood and a stagnation of blood will lead to a stagnation of qi causing pain to the organs.

Blood is formed from:
The essence of the kidney which produce bone marrow which in turn produce blood.

The qi of the kidney promotes the transportation of essence of food, absorbed by the spleen and stomach, to the lung where waste qi is given up and clean qi is inhaled. This essence is sent to the heart which pumps it to all parts of the body to nourish the body. The liver stores the blood which controls its release. The spleen governs its circulation within the blood vessels.

Heart

The heart is situated in the thorax, its connecting fu organ is the small intestine. The functions of the heart are :

It pumps out blood through the blood vessels to the tissue and organs carrying nutrient to nourish the tissue and organs for the proper functioning of the tissue and organs.

It governs the mental activities and physiological function of the brain. Spirit, consciousness, memory, sleep and thinking are all dominated by the heart.

The essence of the heart comes to the tongue, and this energy can be seen in the face. A pink face shows proper circulation of the qi, a red face indicates the qi is too active and a pale face indicates a lack of qi of the heart.

Excessive joy and the taste of bitterness will affect the heart.

The colour red relates to the heart and responds to the vessel and brain function.

Kidney

The kidney is situated at the lumbar region. The connecting fu organ of the kidney is the urinary bladder. The functions of the kidney are:

The qi of the kidney consists of congenital qi and acquired qi and it is this essence called the life force of the body which influences the production, the growth and the development of human body. It stores the congenital qi of the five viscera.

The kidney stores essence which can produce marrow inlcuding the spinal cord and bone marrow. The spinal cord connects to the brain, while the bone marrow nourishes the bone and manufactures blood.

The kidney divides the body fluid, sent down by the lung’s descending function, into clear fluid which is retained in the body and turbid fluid which flow into the urinary bladder and excreted as urine.

When air is inhaled by the lung, its distribution to the whole body depends on the kidney’s energy of reception and control. If the kidney’s energy or life force is weak, breathlessness will occur.

The kidney opens into the ear and hearing depends on the qi of the kidney. The qi of the kidney also controls the growth of hair on the head.

Fear and the taste of saltiness will affect the kidney.

The colour black indicates the kidney and influence the bones, joints and nerve system.

Spleen

The spleen is situated at the left hypochondriac region, its communicating fu organ is the stomach. The functions of the spleen are :

It is responsible for the digestion and absorption of food and carrying its essential substances to the heart and lung where they are sent to nourish the whole body.

The spleen governs the blood circulating within the blood vessels to prevent abnormal bleeding.

The spleen qi ascends and as such sends the nutrient to the lung to transform into blood and qi. In the process of transforming and transporting, it enables the muscles to receive the nutrients from the food.

The spleen opens at the mouth, and if the spleen function is normal, the appetite is good, the lips will be red and lustrous.

The taste of sweetness and worry will affect the spleen and the colour yellow relates to the spleen and influence the muscles and soft-tissue.

Sanjiao

The sanjiao is not an organ but it has strong influence to the metabolic system. It is divided into 3 parts, hence its name – the upper, the middle and the lower portions. The upper portion represents the chest, its function is to transport the qi and blood to various organs. The middle portion is the epigastrium and umbilical regions. Its main function is to digest and absorb essential substances. The lower portion is the hypogastrium. Its main function is to excrete waste substances. The zang organ of the sanjiao is the pericardium and is responsive to the metabolic and lymphatic system.

Stomach

The stomach is situated at the epigastrium. Its main function is to receive food, partially digest them and temporarily store them before sending them down to the small intestine. The qi of the stomach is a downward process. Its zang organ is the spleen and influence the muscles and soft-tissue system.

Pericardium

The pericardium is the outer covering the heart, and it protects the heart, at the same time influenced by the heart, liver and gall bladder. Its connecting fu meridian is the Sanjiao and the functions of the pericardium are similar to the heart.

Gall Bladder

The gall bladder is attached to the liver. Its main function is to store bile and help in digestion. The zang organ of the gall bladder is the liver and is responsive to the nail and tendon system.

Large Intestine

The large intestine is situated in the abdomen. Its main function is to transport waste substances from the small intestine to the anus to be excreted as faeces. In the process of transporting the waste substance, the large intestine also absorbs a part of its fluid content. Its zang organ is the lung and is responsive to the skin and hair system.

Small Intestine

The small intestine is situated in the abdomen, its main function is to further digest the food from the partially digested food in the stomach and absorb the essential substances and water from food and send the residues together with water to the large intestine, its zang organ is the heart. and is responsive to the brain and the vessel function.

Urinary Bladder

The urinary bladder is situated in the lower abdomen. Its main function is to store urine and discharge it when it has reached a certain amount. The zang organ of the urinary bladder is the kidney and is responsive to the bone and nerve system.

T T Ang System

Logo

Why does a person often feel sick whereas others stay in good health even without medication? Why do people suffer from chronic disease, diabetes, vascular or heart diseases, arthritis etc? The early stages of such illnesses could be evident in the process of aging, because the bodyís organs and functions are not performing as efficiently as before to produce the required balance of hormones and secretions in the body.

In this regard, I would like to talk about my personal view on ORTHODOX MEDICINE OF THE EAST-TRADITIONAL CHINESE MEDICINE and how it can benefit human kind as well as contribute to the global medical field. Traditional Chinese Medicine is the orthodox medicine of the East and is recognised as an alternative in the west and world wide.

Chinese medicine is practised differently from Western medicine because the medical concepts underlying it are based on a holistic approach to the treatment of the human body. For example, if one organ or meridian is malfunctioning it will give a series of symptoms. Therefore treatment of the one organ or meridian will affect the whole, producing inner balance and an harmonious environment.

This concept is also referred to as ‘the Yin & Yang balancing’. This is the explanation of how one acupoint can be used to treat many symptoms caused by different illnesses. It causes the endocrine response to perform homeostasis in the body which brings about positive results.

It has also been proven beyond doubt that Traditional Chinese Medicine and Acupuncture are able to improve or cure many chronic diseases. Western doctors have discovered that Chinese medicine and acupuncture are alternative forms of medicine for their patients. For instance, patient suffering from acute arthritis, spondylitis, tendonitis, myositis, vasculitis, neuritis, asthma, migraine, cerebralpalsy, diabetes, muscular atrophy of unknown cause, severe psoriasis, eczema etc and given complicated treatment or subsequently pronounced incurable by Western medicine, gained instant relief or were even cured with Chinese herbs and acupuncture.

Therefore, if the global medical field is ignorant about such treatment, or refuses to acknowledge it, people will continue to endure great suffering from certain illnesses which are pronounced incurable but which can in fact be cured. If medical practitioners can make use of Traditional Chinese Medicine they may find this knowledge very rewarding and if they combine it with Western medicine, they will achieve a greater effectiveness, gaining results which will benefit mankind.

I strongly believe that all the vital forces of the body can be self-balanced. Chinese medicine and acupuncture can actually help the body to respond and achieve the homeostasis. This treatment can help the body to respond and achieve this homeostasis. Which can help heal any form of illnesses, from malfunction to abnormality, as well as for self-adjusting, including old age symptoms. The only exception is bone fracture which should be referred to an orthopaedist for proper treatment.

Treatment advice:

Within 24 hours after Acupuncture treatment, the response of endocrine to perform homeostasis is high but gradually disperse after 72 hours. Therefore, it is advisable to follow instructions on the next treatment.

Acute illness has to be treated intensively daily or twice a day to obtain the required results.

For chronic and complicated cases it is advisable to continue treatment for 10-15 sittings as a course, or if necessary, as many as 30 sittings in one treatment course.

Sittings for prevention treatment and health improvement could be arranged for once a month or special prevention treatment for acute seasonal attacks of asthma, bronchitis asthma and pre-menopause syndromes.

ECIWO Acupuncture Therapy is the latest way to explain Acupuncture. It means Embryo Containing Information Of The Whole Organism, and is based on the Bioholography Law and Pan-Embryo Therapy. When this therapy is applied, the organic hormone for homeostasis is influenced. The duration of every treatment is 20-45 minutes with a course of 1-15 sittings.

Except traumatic injuries, the Nature Cure theory can assist the human body’s immune system overcome any disease (from ageing to cancer) caused by imbalance hormones of insufficient endocrine. These conditions cause malfunction of the body’s immune system, resulting in weak resistance.

This, in turn, causes individual cells to grow abnormally, according to turmoil-based, or TCM theory. This can be rectified with acupuncture treatment and Micro-acupuncture has proven to be effective in stimulating the body to produce substances for overcoming illnesses, as well as delaying ageing.

Ordinary Acupuncture, ECIWO Acupuncture, ECIWO Medicine and Ancient Acupuncture surgery are considered remedies with potential to conquer symptoms related to all kinds of diseases. From the first diagnosis the patient will be advised on the numbers of treatment needed and will be closely observed and monitored during the course of treatment.

The conclusion that (except for cases like bone fracture, old age and collapse of the Yin and Yang disease) Acupuncture and Chinese Medicine based on the latest Embryonic ECIWO Therapy is much more effective than a lot of Western medicine and in comparison produces far fewer side effects it is the natural way of cure for sicknesses.

Modern View on the Theory of Channels, Collaterals, and Organs

TCM
A long time associate of mine, Dr Mikhail Teppone, send me his latest paper on the modern view of the theory of Channels, Collaterals, and organs.
I am re-posting his papers here, and if you are interested to find out more, please contact Dr Mikhail. His contact details can be found in at the end of the article.

ABSTRACT

The theory of Channels, Collaterals, and Organs is one of the most important but at the same time, one of the most difficult in Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM). Do we need to preserve the original TCM lingo or is it possible to match the TCM terms with their equivalents in modern medicine? The authors review the main ideas about Channels and Organs theory and provide their own explanation.

We believe that ancient Chinese doctors understood the complexity of the human body and divided it into 2 morpho-funcional parts: cells and intercellular spaces. Through the theory of channels and Collaterals, those physicians described physiology and pathology of intercellular spaces and by the theory of Zang and Fu Organs, they described cellular physiology and pathology.

Key Words: Channels, Collaterals, Meridians, Organs, Cells, Intercellular Space

INTRODUCTION

IN THE DEVELOPED WESTERN COUNTRIES, people are increasingly aware of different types of alternative medicine. Despite the growing interest, alternative medicine has not yet been integrated into the mainstream healthcare system. Therefore, still remaining are 2 separate forms of medical practice, Modern Western and Traditional Eastern or Chinese medicine.

No doubt perhaps, the future of medicine lies in the integration of modem technology and the extensive wisdom and experience of Eastern healing methodology. The main obstacle for such integration is the difference of views on the nature of human organism, methods of diagnosing and treatment, as well as vague terms used in Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM).

Do we need to preserve the original TCM lingo or is it possible to match the TCM terms with their equivalents in modem medicine? Can we apply such terms as Yin and Yang, Five Elements, Excess/Deficiency, Heat, and Wind

interchangeably with those of sympathetic and parasympathetic nervous systems, various hormones, endorphins? After reading, our hope is that vague and unknown words will take on a new, deeper meaning in relation to the universal laws of nature and human development. Our desire is that TCM will become vital and accepted in the modern Western world.

According to the TCM theory of energy, Qi circulates through the human body via special pathways known as Channels and Coilaterals. This process supports normal organ and body functions. When disease occurs, the cause may be internal (hereditary or congenital Ql disorders, strong emotions, etc) or external (Wind, Heat, Cold, etc). Pathological conditions in TCM can be attributed to abnormal circulation of Qi and blood, which results in a state of excess or deficiency of organs and channels. Therapeutic methods used in TCM restore balance of Qi and blood between various points in the body.

MATHEMATICAL MODEL OF THE HUMAN BODY

The terms used in TCM first appeared in the ancient oriental philosophy and have very broad meanings. Modern science, on the contrary, employs terms with precise and exact definitions. Therefore, any attempt at literal translation of TCM terms into modern language directly would result in a loss of meaning and essence of that particular term. TCM theory can be represented as a simple mathematical model which would show the relationship between physiological and pathological laws of human organism. When we apply this model, where TCM terms and principles resemble elements of algebraic equation, we can understand an individual patient problem and find specific treatment approach. This is also true in cases of unknown etiology and pathogenesis where diagnosis and treatment are yet to be developed.

Acupoints

The skin of both human and animal is characterized by morphological and functional heterogeneity. The same is true for bodies of plants and insects. 1’2 In TCM, this heterogeneity is described as Acupoints, Skin Zones, Channels, and Collaterals.

Some publications on acupoints argue that there are no unusual morphological elements at the site of acupoints. Loose connective tissue with large numbers of nerve receptors, free nerve endings, extensive microcirculatory system, and cells with biologically active substances form the morphological basis for acupoints and intercellular connections, which include gap junctions. Gap junctions are microscopic
water channels that directly supply exchange of broad spectrum of nutrients between cytoplasm of tissue cells.3-7

Skin resistance varies from one to two Mega-ohms, but at the site of acupoint entrance, it decreases to 20—60 Kilo-ohms.8—ll Due to low resistance of skin at the site of acupoints, one may visualize them by a high voltage corona discharge device. Disruption of the electrical field has the highest value above low electric resistance points of the skin. At these areas, stimulated luminescence is observed on the dielectric medium (Figure I). 12

Besides electrical heterogeneity, acupoints have other specific characteristics such as low frequency oscillations (7—10 and 15 20 spontaneous visible light emission,14 increased accumulation of radioactive phosphorus, 15 increased sensitivity to high frequency electromagnetic radiation, 16’17 high conductivity or natural electromagnetic radiation from the sun, 18 etc.

This electrical heterogeneity of skin can still be detected during the first few days after death.2•19-21 However, due to autolytic processes occurring in the cell post mortem, the physical parameters of skin gradually equalize and electrical heterogeneity disappears.

Taking into account the above information—as well as the Chinese term for acupoint, kong xue, which means fissure or crevice—we can conclude that acupoints are places in the skin where connections between the epithelial cells are not tight, thus providing an entrance into the body. The site of acupoints contains large numbers of active elements, which make it a complex functional unit that provides interaction between internal body environments with its external surrounding (Figure 2).

System of Channels and Collaterals

Qi and blood Circulate in the human body along Channels and Collaterals. There are 12 main channels and their secondary vessels which supply normal function and defence of the human body by means of circulating Qi and blood.

Secondary vessels include Tendino-Muscular Channels, Luo Channels or Collaterals, Divergent Channels, and Curious or Extra Channels (Figure 3). Currently, there are 2 different views on channels. First, the channels themselves are non—existent; an imaginary line called ((meridian)) connects

functionally similar points; true connection between points is achieved through the function of the nervous and endocrine systems.22,23

Second, experimental data suggest the presence of a morphological relationship between the points of the same channel. For example, during acupuncture, the conduction along exact pathways of sensory reactions,24 electrical current,25,26warmth,27 visible light,28 and radioactive isotopes29 take
place.

The modern science approach suggest the presence of correlation between structure and function of a biological object. Presently, no specific structure has been found to identify the channels. But, sometimes the absence of structures can make way for a new function. For example, the “door or window aperture,” “river bed,” or “gap” all provide conduction or passage.

The main function of the channels is to conduct: electrical current, warmth, light, etc so that Qi travels along the channel. Channels can best be described as a network of gaps stretching along the well known anatomical structures.

The inner channel walls are formed by the surfaces of muscles, bones, tendons, vessels, and cells. These channels are filled with fibrous connective tissue, electrolytes, and structured water molecules.30’31 We presume that to be sufficient to ensure Qi conduction.

This theory is supported by the research of Korean physician Kim Bon Chan32 as well as the description found in the ancient book of the famous Chinese physician, Li Shi Zhen: ‘the inside of a human body contains tunnels and one, who mentally looks within self, can illuminate them.”33

Experimental data reveal that informational interaction between cells is achieved through the electromagnetic field at the range of 1 X 1010 Hz 28,34 From physics, we know that only wave-guides or dielectric wave-guides can conduct these high frequency waves. Impulses of relatively low frequency are conducted by the nervous system, but high frequency signals are conducted by the system of “gaps” or
wave-guides. Thus, the channels are the only possible entities that can transmit high frequency impulses produced by cells. Theoretical and experimental data show that channels can act as weave-guides to conduct electromagnetic waves 1,28
of various ranges.

Possibly, channels and collaterals form the oldest independent regulatory system of humans and animals.35-37 Morphological simplicity of channels is the reason why they have not been identified. In the words of a biologist, “channel system is too primitive in a view of modern biology.”38

Though basic, the channel system connects other more complex regulatory systems and provides interaction of inner organs with outside environment.

Based on the above, we can conclude that by using the theory of channels and collaterals, ancient Chinese doctors described physiology and pathology of intercellular spaces and body cavities (Figure 4).39

One may attempt to find correlation between channels, secondary vessels, and intercellular spaces of various anatomical structures, but this correlation would be more functional than anatomical. Depending on the disease and its sequence, disorders of organs and tissues can be linked to various channel structures. For example, in the event of inflammation of skin and subcutaneous tissue characterized
by inflammatory symptoms such as localized redness, hyperthermia, hyperesthesia, edema, and pain exacerbated by pressure, this type of abnormality can be described as “Excess of the Tendino-MuscuIar” channel. If skin changes its integrity, as when a keloid scar or ulcer is present, this would point to a disorder of the Luo channel.

Governor Vessel is a typical example of the gap model of a channel. It originates in the kidney, extends down to the perineum through the uterus or prostate gland, and then, one of the main branches ascends through the vertebral column. The point of GV 16 (Fong Fu) gives birth to the branch, which enters the skull. Its main pathway lies through the top of the head and ends at the upper lip.

What is an anatomical equivalent of the Governor Vessel: spinal chord or vertebral column? We believe that Governor Vessel is a vertebral channel; GV 16 (Fong Fu) corresponds to Foramen Magnum at the occipital bone.

Therefore, the branch of Governor Vessel penetrating the skull is the extension of the vertebral channel into the skull through Foramen Magnum (Figure 5).

In much the same way, we can analyze Conception Vessel and describe its relationship to the chest, abdominal, and pelvic cavities. Therefore, both Governor and Conception Vessels are cavities themselves, regulating the function of their respective organs.

Hence, channels are not organs, tissues, or cells but various body cavities. This approach is not yet integrated in modern Western medicine.

STRUCTURE AND FUNCTION OF ZANG (YIN) AND FU (YANG) ORGANS

TCM distinguishes 12 main organs in the human body: Lung, Spleen, Heart, Kidney, Liver, Pericardium, Stomach, Large Intestine, Small Intestine, Gallbladder, Bladder, and “Triple Energizer” (San Jiao). The first 6 belong to viscera or Zang (solid) organs; the other 6 belong to hollow or Fu
(hollow) organs. These organs are divided into Yin-Yang related pairs, which form one of the Five Elements.

Zang or dense organs have inner cavities (bronchus, bileducts, renal calyx, pelvis, etc and correspond to Fu or hollow organs (Figure 6). At the same time, Fu organs have solid walls, which correspond to the Zang organs (Figure 6).

Thus, Zang organs contain Fu properties inside, and Fu organs contain Zang properties outside. Therefore, a renal calculus is actually located in the Bladder Channel and peptic ulcer will need treatment of the Spleen Channel.

The term organ in TCM involves much broader meaning than an anatomical formation. All cells contain standard components like nucleus, mitochondria, Golgi complex, endoplasmic reticulum, etc. Each organelle possesses certain inherent functions. Function of oxidative phosphorylation and synthesis of ATP molecules is carried out in mitochondria; synthesis and transport of proteins takes place in endoplasmic reticulum; Golgi complex is responsible for the accumulation of proteins, synthesis of polysaccharides, and
more complex substances; the function Of regulation of differentiation, development, and death of cells belongs to the nucleus (Figure 7).

In the majority of cells, it is possible to allocate the function of breathing, which corresponds to the lung;
function of synthesis and storage of complex substance, which is appropriate for endocrine glands and the liver; and function of regulation of cell age, corresponding to
the kidneys, etc.

Thus, the concept of organ in TCM includes the set Of cellular and intracellular structures that carry out certain functions. For example, Lung involves all structures that facilitate diffusion and transport of gases (02 and C02) as well as oxidative phosphorylation and synthesis of ATP molecules. Therefore, regardless of the cause of “breathlessness” or shortness of breath from the modern perspective, the points on the channel of Lung are used to treat it.

DISCUSSION

Since the time acpuncture was introduced in the United States and Europe, discussion and debate about the nature of “acupoints, channels,” and “collaterals” has continued. There have been fewer questions about “organs,” perhaps, because of appearing like classic organs from the modern
point of view.

Scientific medicine made a large step ahead when R. Virchow claimed that disease was pathology of cells, but at the same time, any extracellular disorders were almost ignored or deemed “functional diseases.” Conceivably, the conception of “cellular medicine” was a reason why Traditional Chinese Medicine’s ideas about “holes, channels,” or “tunnels” distributed into the human body have been hard to become accepted.

Thus, the concept of organ in TCM includes the set of cellular and intracellular structures that carry out certain functions. For example, Lung involves all structures that facilitate diffusion and transport of gases (02 and C02) as well as oxidative phosphorylation and synthesis of ATP molecules. Therefore, regardless of the cause of “breathlessness” or shortness of breath from the modern perspective, the points on the channel of Lung are used to treat it.

CONCLUSIONS

We believe that ancient Chinese doctors understood the complexity of the human body and divided it into 2 morpho-functional parts: cells and intercellular spaces. Through the theory of “Channels and Collaterals,” those ancients described physiology and pathology of intercellular spaces. By the theory of “Zang and Fu Organs,” they described cellular physiology and pathology.39

ACKNOWLEDGMENT

We wish to thank Oxana Teppone-Martin, RN, BSN, CCRN, who helped to translate this article from Russian into English.

Address correspondence and reprint requests to:
Mikhail Teppone. MD, DAC
AcuTech International. Inc.
4866 Bathurst Street, Suite 508
North York, ,Vf2R IX4
Canada

E-mail: teppone@rogers.com

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Modern Interpretation of Traditional Chinese Medicine Theory

TCM Concepts
This is the second part of what Dr Mikhail Teppone emailed me. I’m helping him put up on my website to help him get more views on his paper.

Original Article

ABSTRACT

The terms and theories applied in Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) are interpreted in this article. Ql can be imagined as a universal measuring and comparison unit as well as a common managing parameter in a cybernetic sense: the terms Heat and Cold are suggested as an evaluation of heat production by the patient body or his/her organs; the theory of stress designed by Selye is compared with Zhang theory of 6 Channels. Finally, theories used in TCM are explained to be a mathematical model, showing the general physiological and pathological processes taking place in the human body.

Key Words: TCM Theory. Qi. Tao. Yin. Yang. Five Elements, Heat, Cold. Excess, Deficiency

INTRODUCTION

DO WE NEED 10 PRESERVE the original Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) lingo or it is possible to

match the TCM terms with their equivalents in modern medicine? Can a Western physician apply such terms as Yin and Yang, Five Elements. Excess or Deficiency, and Heat or Cold in his/her daily acupuncture practice?

In this article, we attempt to answer these questions and suggest reasonable explanations of the main terms and theories applied in TCM.

ACUPOINTS, CHANNELS, AND ORGANS

The main aspects of Acupoints, Channels, and Organs have already been described.t?2 We repeat our idea: it is assumed that through the theory of Channels and Collaterals that ancient Chinese physicians described physiology and pathology of intercellular spaces as well as body cavities, and by the theory of Zang and Fu Organs, they described cellular physiology and pathology.

(The) system of Acupoints is a part of the Channels, i.e., it is a part of intercellular spaces. Due to morphologic and functional complexity of acupoint areas, it provides interaction between internal body environments with its external surrounding.

Ql OR ENERGY

It is difficult to translate the term Ql and many different translations have been proposed, none of which approximates the exact essence of Qi.3 Et can assume different manifestations and can mean different things in various situations. Usually. it is impossible to understand the meaning exactly without the text where the word, Qi. Is applied. Sometimes, Qi is translated as ”air,” ”energy,” and  “living force,” or functional activity is described by means of Qi. At the same time, it is both material and nonmaterial. It can he associated with either “energy” or “form” Hence, it has a quality described by quantum physics as corpascular-wave dualism.

A name of the Qi depends on context and classification (or system of coordinates) that is applied; for example Yang Qi and Yin Qi. Wei Qi and Nei Qi. Qi of Lnng, Qi of Liver, Qi of Upper Jiao. etc. Accordingly, one and the same “Qi” can be named by a different manner according to its exact function…

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United Nation’s Interview with Dr T T Ang

Founder of the Chinese Nature Cure Institute in Singapore, Dr. Ang explained how to preserve one’s health and promote self-healing by opting for a holistic approach based on an appropriate and personalized food diet which takes into account seasons and the person’s current own condition, the use of specific herbs, specific exercise, acupuncture, self-massage (acupressure) and meditation.

​He then presented the new Chinese medical approach based on the findings of Professor Yingqing Zhang of Shandong University (China) which demonstrate that the information of the entire organism is contained in embryo cells.

By stimulating precise acupuncture points, it is possible to activate the growth factors which ensure a proper cell differentiation and full development cycle. This makes it theoretically possible to repair damaged tissues and bones, re-establish normal biological cell processes including in tumours, regulate proper hormonal secretions, trigger body growth and balance body functions.

While research is still underway, Dr. Ang showed examples of remarkable results already achieved to-date in treating hard cases and heavy pathologies where all other treatments had failed. This has led to the development of “ECIWO-acupuncture” which complements traditional practice developed over thousands of years (see here-below the fourth question in the interview Dr. Ang gave to UN Special on the occasion of his lecture at the Palais des Nations).

Professor T.T. Ang began studying and exploring acupuncture in 1961, travelling extensively to various institutes and hospitals in Hong Kong and various regions of China. He is among the pioneer research fellows in the new field of ECIWO biology and its applications in medicine. T.T. Ang is also an expert in Taiji and Qigong.

Q:During your lecture you presented Chinese medicine as a holistic approach to health. Can you explain what this means and how people everywhere can apply the related principles to their lives for better health and well-being?

In Chinese medicine, we look at health as an integrated result of our food habits and lifestyles. Hence, our approach to health extends to eating suitable food and herbs, and incorporating exercises in our daily lives, to prevent illness, maintain good health, and heal the body from illness.

Food and herbs can be classified into cold, hot, or neutral properties. Through understanding their unique properties and applying these theories to the food we eat, we can adjust our “Zangfu imbalances” (i.e. imbalances created in some of the body’s main organs), which in turn helps in disease prevention.

Choosing the right exercises, too, can help adjust our bodies’ imbalances. Traditional forms of healing exercises such as Taichi and Qigong meditation are not only well known for their healing properties, but are also a good way to relax.

That’s probably why they are still widely practiced today in China and in many other countries. If need be, health will be restored with the help of other remedies, including the practice of acupuncture.

Could you say a few words on the basic theory of Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM)?

This theory, Zang Fu, is a description of the main vital organs in the body. Each Zang Fu in the body has an individual meridian which can be found along the hand or the foot.

Each meridian can be further classified under Yin or Yang (which represent opposite properties such as cold/hot, deficiency/excess or interior/exterior). Well-being depends on balancing Yin and Yang at all times. There are twelve regular meridians separated into three groups.

Each group is further divided into two subgroups, each consisting of a pair of meridians. All the meridians have an individual series of acupoints which can be found at different very specific locations in the body.

The first group, Tai Yin, consists of the Lung Meridian on the hand and the Spleen Meridian on the foot. Yang Ming consists of the Large Intestine Meridian on the hand and the Stomach Meridian on the foot. This group often relates to infectious diseases of the digestive system and to environmental or weather-related syndromes.

The second group, Shao Yin, consists of the Heart Meridian on the hand and the Kidney Meridian on the foot. Tai Yang consists of the Small Intestine Meridian on the hand and the Urinary Bladder Meridian on the foot.

This group often relates to circulation, the nervous system, and the reproductive system. The third group, Jue Yin, consists of the Pericardium Meridian on the hand and the Liver Meridian on the foot.

Shao Yang consists of the San Jiao Meridian on the hand and the Gall Bladder Meridian on the foot. This group often relates to the lymphatic system, immunity, the body’s defense system, and to vital systems for detoxification.

When there is a symptom, with TCM you often treat another organ (for example, in the case of a trigeminal pain for a patient, you treat the kidney). Can you explain why?

When a person suffers from illness or presents a series of symptoms, it can be due to an imbalance of a particular Zang Fu/organ within the body. The treatment can be done on the respective meridian or another location away from the affected area.

For example, in the case of trigeminal neuralgia, treatments can be made on the Shao Yang Gall Bladder Meridian, where the acupoints are located on the facial region, or acupoints in Shaoyang San Jiao Meridian, accompanied by the acupoints on Shao Yin Kidney Meridian such as Taixi (K3). The kidney, as a Zang Fu, controls the nerves in the entire body.

What are the ECIWO biology and the bio-holographic law of nature?

ECIWO, or Embryo Containing Information of the Whole Organism, is a biological theory which can be applied to all living organisms.

For example, each seed consists of the information equivalent to an embryo along with the “Life Force” of the plant. The quantity of seeds would reflect the life force of the fruit.

In practice, between a kiwi and an orange, the kiwi will have more life force as it contains more seeds than the orange. By consuming the fruit, a person introduces more life force into his body and will absorb the benefits of the fruit.

Similarly, this theory can be applied to the human body for diagnostic and treatment purposes, for example, to the Acupoints located on the Long Bones System or Metacarpal Bones System.

There are many ways to determine the life force of a human body, such as a person’s voice. In ancient China, before modern technology was available, a gentleman’s family would appoint a matchmaker to observe the number of siblings an ideal future daughter-in-law had, to determine the life force and fertility of the lady.

Between a leaf with many edges and a leaf that is rounded nicely, the many edges are the many life forces it contains.

Bio-holographic law explains the complete biological records found in any natural or- ganism of size and shape. The theory can be observed in the case of a human body, the tongue and the palm, ear, etc. It can be applied to relations between Zang Fu (main organs).

For example, a TCM physician can obtain a pulse diagnosis by palpation of the wrist and radial of the lower arm, also known as Cun Kou.

It is divided into three regions, each reflecting the upper body, such as lung, heart, or blood circulation system; middle part of the body trunk such as liver, gall bladder, stomach, spleen or digestive system; and lower body, such as kidney, urinary bladder, large intestine, or reproductive system.

Tongue diagnosis is another method where the different regions on the tongue reflect the different Zang Fu conditions the region is under. Very often, the above methods of diagnosis are practiced to determine the condition of a human body.

What is the difference between «classical acupuncture» and ECIWO acupuncture»?

In classical acupuncture, the main meridians from Traditional Chinese Medicine theory are used for health and treatment purposes.

In the practice of ECIWO Biology in acupuncture treatments, treatment includes the use of points outside the main meridians, such acupoints from the Long Bone System or Metacarpal Bone System. This often provides greater accuracy in diagnosis and treatment of ailments when used in combination with classical acupuncture techniques.

ETIOLOGY Etiology of Chinese Medicine In China

Traditional Chinese Medicine

Having existed as a part of humanity through the ages, cancer is now one of the leading killers and cause of poor health in our civilization. History has observed the struggle against cancer by our Chinese ancestors, with their wealth of accumulated experience. There are many records and descriptions of tumors in the long history of Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM)).

In the inscriptions on oracle bones and tortoise shells, found in the ruins of the Yin Dynasty (1700-1100B.C.), the character ¡§Liu¡¨ (tumor) is mentioned. In Zhou Rituals of the 11th century B. C., it is recorded by physicians who specialised in tumor treatments, who were referred to as ¡§Yang Doctors¡¨.

Today tumors are still called Zhong Yang (inflamed ulcers) in Korea and Japan. Liu Xi, a physician of the Western Han Dynasty (206B. C. ¡V A. D. 25), described tumors as ¡§inflamed with an uneven surface like a rock.¡¨ The term ¡§Yan¡¨ became a synonym for ¡§rock¡¨. This term for the external manifestations of cancer is still used in modern biomedicine.

The archaic descriptions of Changqin, Shixia in the Yellow Emperor¡¦s Canon of Internal Medicine, Jiju in The Classic on Difficulty, and Zhengjia, Shiyi, Fanwei and Yingliu in the General Treaties on Causes and Symptoms of Diseases, about the causes, pathogenesis, signs and symptoms, all resemble the descriptions of tumors of the gastrointestinal organs, liver, spleen, pancreas, uterus, ovaries and thyroid glands, in modern biomedicine.

In 1171, Dongxian Jushi of the Southern Song Dynasty first mentioned the term ¡§Ai¡¨ (cancer) for an inflamed ulcer in his Wei Ji Bao Shu. Since the Ming Dynasty (A.D. 1368-1644), ¡§Ai¡¨ was widely adopted as a general term for cancer of the mammary gland and others. Since then, knowledge about cancer has become more specific regarding its pathogenesis. Valuable experience has been accumulated regarding treatment, which now plays an important role in the modern clinical practice of oncology.

Though still not subdued, cancer has been intensively studied at the bimolecular level. This research indicated the causes of cancer are to be found in the molecular changes of DNA in organic cells being invaded by carcinogenic factors, external or internal. This causes mutations or gradual changes in cellular genes, or the abnormalities of genes due to disturbance in cellular differentiation.

This theory opens a new path for the prevention and treatment of tumors. Possessing the essence of TCM, integrated with modern biomedicine, this new branch of science for the prevention and treatment of tumors, may prove superior to either TCM or western medicine (WM) when applied alone, and will undoubtedly make many contributions to the health of mankind.

Etiology and Pathogenesis of Cancer in TCM

Viewing the human body as an organic whole, TCM believes, the influence of internal and external factors which cause disharmony at certain points, precipitate pathological and physiological changes, which then the manifest themselves at certain locations as tumors, or a local lesion of a general disease. There are no exceptions to the fact that all diseases, including tumors, occur because of external, as well as internal conditions.

The internal factors include weakening of the body¡¦s resistance, disharmony of visceral functions, Qi as well as blood and emotional changes, the lowering of the body¡¦s resistance being of vital importance. The external factors refer to the six abnormal climatic factors or six exogenous evils, of wind, cold, summer heat, dampness, dryness and fire, as well as evil Qi.

Once the body¡¦s resistance decreases, the disease causing factors make use of asthenia of the body, resulting in a subsequent illness. This is the reason TCM states categorically, ¡§Where there is disease, there is asthenia of Qi.¡¨

Based on holistic thinking, TCM stresses disease occurs as a result of combined internal and external causes. TCM therefore treats etiology and pathogenesis as a whole.

1. Emotional Disturbance

TCM embodies changes of spirit and sentiment as the ¡§seven emotions¡¨: pleasure, anger, grief, fear, yearning, sorrow, surprise, all of which are emotional, physiological reactions of an organism towards external changes in its environment. Emotional disturbance refers to reactions, either excessive (excitation) or insufficient (inhibition) which will ultimately lead to disturbances in the flowing of Qi and blood, and the visceral functions, with subsequent illness.

TCM claims rage harms the liver, excessive stimulation harms the heart, grief harms the spleen, great sorrow harms the lungs and fear harms the kidneys. Though not necessarily precise, this belief definitely points out that emotional injury will affect the physiological functions of the Qi, blood, viscera, and channels, lower the body resistance, resulting in disease. The human body is susceptible to cancer when under emotional stress or disturbance. This is mentioned early in Chinese medical classics, such as the Yellow Emperor¡¦s canon of Internal Medicine, and the Golden Mirror of Original Medicine.

2. Damage of the Viscera

Through the flow of Qi and blood, the vital energy circulating along the channels, and the distribution of body fluids, the internal viscera, extremities and other body parts function as a whole and life supporting activities are well maintained. The condition of the internal viscera is closely connected with the occurrence and growth of tumors and subsequent convalescence of the organism.

Disharmony and weakness of visceral functions, usually manifesting abnormalities of the spleen and kidney have a direct bearing on the incidence of tumors. TCM holds that in addition to the digestive and urinary systems the spleen and kidney represent respectively, they include the nervous system, the psyche, endocrine functions and part of the circulatory system. When functions of the spleen and kidney are weakened, manifesting asthenia body resistance, tumors are apt to occur.

3. Disharmony of Qi and Blood

TCM maintains that Qi is the impetus for life supporting activities, while blood, derived from the essence of food and drink (nutrients) through digestion and absorption, is in turn, the material basis for Qi activities. Being mutual transformable and coexisting interdependently, the whole body is nourished by its ceaseless flowing through the channels. Disharmony of Qi and blood occurs when either one of them is defective. Stagnation of Qi can lead to stasis of blood.

Prolonged stagnation of Qi and blood will inevitably lead to the occurrence of a tumor. Wang Qingren, a famous physician of the Qing Dynasty (A. D. 1616-1911), pointed out that abdominal lumps are blood masses, denoting a tumor mass in the abdomen, and are formed of stagnant blood. This provides theoretical background for the principal of activating the blood circulation and eliminating blood masses in tumor therapy. This has long been one of the main therapeutic rules for tumors.

4. The Exogenous Pathogens

TCM holds cancer is related to exogenous pathogens. Seasonal climatic changes include wind, cold, summer heat, dampness, dryness, and fire, called ¡§The six Qi¡¨ which can, when in excess, be the direct etiological factors in cancer. In fact, this agrees with the chemical, physical and biological (bacteria, virus, and parasites) factors of exogenous origin of cancer in modern investigations.

Under their contemporary circumstances, our ancestors, though not expressed explicitly in definite terms or with clear interpretations, made valuable contributions to the understanding of external pathogenic factors causing cancer over a period of 1000 years prior to the practice of western medicine.

5. Inappropriate Diet

Three Categories:

5.1 Excessive Drinking and Hard, Cold, Hot and Roasted Food
The ancient physicians asserted drinkers and those who like hot foods are apt to develop dysphagia. This indicates that the drinking of hard liquor, eating an excess of hot hard, roasted or glutinous food or food difficult to digest, can stimulate and damage the mucous membrane of the esophagus and stomach, and lead to epithelial hyperplasia and eventually canceration.

5.2 Excessive Fish, Dairy Products and Greasy Food
Modern medicine has proven, too much greasy food may produce carcinoma of the colon, ovary or mammary glands. Experiments reveal, when feeding animals with fatty food, the more unsaturated fatty acid the food contains, the higher the incidence of cancer caused by its carcinogenic factors. Some authors claim the high incidence of stomach cancer in Japanese and Icelanders, may be the result of addiction to dry salted fish, pickled vegetables, smoked trout and salmon. The higher incidence of cancer in coastal regions compared to that of inland inhabitants may also result for the same reasons.

5.3 Injury of the Spleen and Stomach, a Result of Irregular Meals
The spleen and stomach will inevitably be injured by irregular meals, unlimited food and drink. The functions of these viscera are adversely affected by abnormal digestion, absorption and distribution of food essence. A disturbance of meridian and visceral function results in circulatory disturbances of Qi and blood, followed by stagnation and ensuing lumps.

Modern medicine concurs with the fact that rapid swallowing during meals or eating in a squatting posture can cause retention of food in the esophagus. Such stimulation of the esophagus leads to inflammation or hyperplasia and canceration of the epithelial cells.

Etiology of Cancer in Modern Medicine

Though the causes of cancer are not yet fully understood, through the vast multi-disciplinary research of the past half century, we have learned there are many factors related to cancer: chemical, physical, biological, inherited, endocrine, psyche, immunological and nutritional, any of which may cause cancer either individually or in combination with other factors.

1. The Chemical Carcinogenic Factors

Investigation of chemical carcinogenic substance began with the establishment of industry and developed rapidly. It has been verified that about one thousand varieties of chemical substances, artificially produced, are carcinogenic. According to some investigators, they represent 80% of the causes of cancer, and are included in the following categories:

Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, with 3,4 benzopyrene representing the carcinogenic substance prevalent in coal tar, bitumen, nicotine, creosote, and anthranol; in alkylating agents, aromatic amino compounds, aminoazo dyes; nitrosamine, nitrogencompound (butter yellow), in metalic carcinogenic compounds (cadmium, zinc, arsenals, nickel), and in the phytotoxins (cycasin, fern toxins, safrole, senecionine). The mechanism of the carcinogenic action of these substances is as follows: the direct cause of cellular mutation, causing the body¡¦s metabolism to produce carcinogenic metabolites, or causing a transformation of body enzymes, such as polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, which, when entering the body, exert a toxic action on the body cells by the transformation of the enzymes which then activate the polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons.

2. The Physical Carcinogenic Factors

These factors include electrolyte radiation, sunlight and ultraviolet radiation, chronic stimulation and the persistent stimulation of fibrous materials.

Observations and experiments have proven that radiation of whatever origin, such as  radiation and X ¡V ray result in carcinogenic actions of varying degrees, to higher animals. Included among them, the most common are carcinoma of the skin, lungs, thyroid glands, leukemia and malignant lymphoma. Persons exposed to perennial ultraviolet and heat radiation are apt to suffer third degree burns.

About 20-30% of osteosarcoma cases evolve from local wounds. Women who have experienced multiple births with repeated cervical laceration are more susceptible to cervical carcinoma. Cancer of tongue edges and check are usually the result of chronic stimulation by the sharp edges of remaining teeth or unsuitable dentures.

Asbestos and fibreglass are the most common carcinogenic materials. Perennial inhalation of dust containing asbestos will result in extensive fibrosis of the lungs in a number of cases, half of which will eventually terminate in lung carcinoma or pleuro-mesothelioma.

The three common features of physical carcinogenic factors are: a prolonged latent period, low incidence of carcinoma, and definite carcinogenic agents, which can easily be avoided. It seems, therefore, physical factors are not the most serious threatening factors as causes.

3. The Biological Carcinogenic Factors

The most important, the virus deserves attention. As many as 30 types of animal tumors reveal the presence of a virus. In the human body, a virus is also found in African Burkitt¡¦s lymphoma, nasopharyngeal carcinoma, cancer of the mammary gland, liver carcinoma, cervical carcinoma and leukemia. However, the theory of an etiological virus is questionable since not all cancers show the presence of viruses in the tissues.

Many diseases other than cancer, such as lupus erythematosus and nodular leprosy, reveal a virus in their serum. Whether a virus is the root cause or just a coincidental factor in tumor etiology is still open for investigation.

The second category of biological carcinogenic factors is fungus. In nature, mycotoxins, the metabolites from many fungi, are harmful to the nervous, digestive, urinary and blood systems and are potent carcinogenic agents. Such toxins, identified at present include aflatoxin B1,  B2,  G1,  M1, parti-coloured aspertoxins, albomycotoxin, fusarium and purapen toxin.

Under conditions of high temperature and humidity, aspergills flavus grows and proliferates on peanuts, soybean, maize, rice, potato powder and cotton seeds. The toxicity of the fungus produced under these conditions is 75 times higher than that of 2 ¡V methy1 ¡V nitrosamine and can cause liver carcinoma and cancer of many kinds of the viscera in animals. Moreover, the toxicity of this substance can be destroyed only by strong ultraviolet light or temperatures as high as 280 „aC.

In addition parasitosis also causes canceration in certain internal organs. For example, schistosoma japonicum is apt to grow in the human rectum and liver. The incidence of liver and rectum carcinoma in endemic areas of schistosomiasis are rather high, while liver carcinoma is also frequently seen in clonorchiasis patients.

4. The Inherited Factor

Derived from normal cells, tumor cells are the result of mutation of cellular genes, under the influence of extra ¡V or intra ¡V cellular carcinogenic factors. Such cells, once having become tumor cells, posses the indigenous biological features of tumors and will produce progeny with its own defective characteristics and unlimited growth potential. It has been observed clinically and proven some tumors reveal a hereditary tendency. These include multi ¡V neurofibroma, retinoblastoma, rectal ¡V polyp¡¦s syndrome, nephrobalstoma, multilipoma.

Moreover, it is not uncommon to observe carcinoma of the liver, stomach, colon, mammary gland and cervix occurring in members of the same clan or nationality. Although related and with the same habits and environment, members of the same family, when inhabiting a different place, with a different life style, always reveal the same high susceptibility to tumors. This point deserves further research.

5. The Endocrine Factors

Hormones are an essential substance for the regulation of physical growth, and the physiological functions of an organism. Various endocrine glands maintain the internal stability of the human body. Due to the redundant stimulation of certain tissues and organs by some hormones, the result of hormone imbalance causes cancerization and cell proliferation of the affected tissues or cells. Carcinogenic actions have been observed in the ovarian hormone, pituitary gonadotropic hormone, thyrotropic hormone, and lactogenic hormone.

For example, carcinoma of the mammary gland, which has been attributed to the estrogenic hormone, can be ameliorated by castration of the ovaries or administration of progesterone. Men receiving perennial estrogen therapy are also apt to develop carcinoma of the mammary gland. Orchiectomy or estrogen administration yields satisfactory results in prosthetic carcinoma. Oral administration of thyroxin inhibits the secretion of pituitary thyrotropic hormone and is helpful in thyroid cancer treatment. By making use of the fluctuation of hormone secretion and its feed back action, cancers due to endocrine disorders can be treated. This explains the close relationship between cancer and endocrine disturbance.

6. The Nutritional Factor

Affected directly by the nutritional state of the organism, tumors grow at the expense of the host nutrition and even in excess of the normal cell needs. In case of pernicious anemia, B12 deficiency increases the incidence of leukemia and carcinoma of the stomach, vitamin C interrupts the synthesis of nitrosamine in vivo and hence decreases the carcinogenic action of the latter. Ample supplements of microelements, including iodine, copper, zinc, magnesium, molybden and selenium in food, inhibits or retards the growth of tumors in experimental animals.

Epidemiological studies of tumors have shown, in human groups with a high fat, low fibrous tissue diet, the incidence of colon and mammary carcinoma is higher, while among those with low fat and high fibrous tissues diet, the incidence is lower. Restriction of nutrition inhibits the tumor growth, but decreases the nutritional needs of normal cells. This leads to physiologic ¡V pathological changes in the body, lowers the immune function and therefore the body becomes susceptible to tumor invasion. Rational nutrition will maintain good health and help prevent the occurrence of tumors.

7. The Immune Factor

There are two kinds of body resistance to tumor invasion, specific and non-specific, each embraces cellular and humoral immune function. There are three kinds of cells participating in the immune reaction, namely, T ¡V lymphocytes on which the thymus relies, B ¡V lymphocytes derived from bone ¡V marrow and macrophagocytes. Neutralphilic granulocytes and platelets also play a role in immune reaction.

Immune reaction reflects the capacity of the body¡¦s reaction to antigenic materials. Tumor cells are a ¡§foreign body¡¨ with antigenicity, to which the body reacts with the production of antibody and immune cells, which monitor, rejects, resists, and even destroy the tumor cells. Immunity defects, whether congenital or acquired, diminish the reaction of the body¡¦s immunity and may cause cancer to occur.

The factors responsible for the growth or inhibition of tumor cells are very complicated and are closely related to the strength of the body resistance, toxicity of tumor cells and the presence of ¡§close factor¡¨ that counteracts with the body resistance.

8. The Psyche Factor

The stability and balance of the neuro ¡V psyche system, the highest center of the body, has a direct bearing on the development of a tumor.

Clinically, it is not unusual to find tumors in people with poor mental health as well as the ¡§tumor ¡V phobia¡¨ people. For patients with the same cancer, satisfactory results are likely to be obtained in cases where patients are optimistic and fully confident that they can conquer the ailment. It has been estimated that 75% of all cancer cases have a history of poor mental health or melancholy.

In summary, one strong carcinogenic factor alone may cause cancer, but such a circumstance is rarely encountered. In most cases, two or more factors, together with tumor promoting, yet non-carcinogenic factors, are responsible for the cancerization of normal cells under long and repeated stimulation. The cancerization process is affected by various factors including changes of geographical environment, changes of habits, the persistence or interruption of carcinogenic stimulation, the state of the body resistance, the condition of nutrition and the mental state, which can all terminate in either cancer formation, or interruption of cancer development, or total reversion to normal cells. It is essential, therefore, to continue to study the causes, prevention and treatment of human cancer on an overall comprehensive basis.

Understanding Stress – TCM Way

Stress

Our world today is filled with stress. Although the definition of stress and our reaction to it is different from each individual whereby several members of any one family often show a similar pattern, the impact it has on our internal organs is somewhat similar based on Traditional Chinese Medical concept.

One of the results of stress is extreme emotions and each type of emotion is capable of affecting one of our five vital organs – namely depression related to liver, excessive joy to heart, obsession to spleen, anguish to lungs and fear to kidney. Most people have a tendency towards using one pattern of bodily reaction rather than others, for example, some have stomach upsets, others headaches, respiratory illness or high blood pressure.

To elaborate further, due to stress one may suffer from angina pectons, cardiac pain, arhythmia and discomfort when lying down – this is similar to heart meridian disorder based on chinese medicine.

Others may feel pain at the roof of tongue, heaviness in the trunk, anorexia, lassitude pain and swelling sensation, coldness in the inner thighs, failing to lie horizontally – this is similar to spleen meridian disorder in the chinese medicine.

There are also those who have a hot feeling in the mouth or dryness in the tongue similar to pharyngitis, toothache, insomnia and weakness of the lower limbs. They will also feel a feverish sensation in the sole which is related to the kidney meridian disorder according to chinese medicine.

Another category of feeling is pain in the coastal region, distension, mass in the abdomen sometimes headache at the vertex, vertigo or accompanied with blurring vision, tinnitus similar to the liver meridian disorder in chinese medicine.

Lastly is the feeling of chill, fever, hidrosis or anhidrosis, distension and fullness of the chest, pain in the chest and clavicula fossa, neuralgia of shoulder and arm with shaking, but when arm crossed over chest it will gain relieve – this is similar to lung meridian disorder base on chinese medicine concept.

An Emotion Of Depression/Stress

Depression/stress in traditional chinese medicine is often associated with stagnation of Qi of the Liver. This in turn seen as a result of repressed feelings, particularly anger, unwarranted worrying, fear and anxiety. The stagnation of qi may lead to poor circulation of body fluids and the accumulation of phlegm which is said to cloud the mind, producing apathy, muddled thinking and pessimism. Here the mind is equated with the Shen, the “spirit” which is associated with the Heart. The accumulation of phlegm is said to indicate the involvement of the Spleen, which is responsible for transforming and circulating body fluids.

Fortunately depression/stress and its effects can be reduced through exercise, relaxation, meditation, biofeedback, acupuncture, massage herbs or food remedies and others. Such therapeutic approaches can help restored normal function to the internal biochemical processes and help to reverse chronic depression/stress. It has been proven that high levels of emotional stress increase susceptibility to illness. Chronic stress results in a suppression of the immune system, which in turn creates increases susceptibility to illness – especially to immune-related disorders.

Emotional stress also leads to hormonal imbalances (adrenal, pituitary, thyroid, thymus and others) that further interfere with immune function.

Another interesting fact about stress is that the period of time which it occurs most frequently can serve as an early indication of an imperfect organ function. According to Midday-Midnight Law, each of the twelve vital organ-meridian-function complexes has a period of two hours during which its activity is maximal. Hence, by keeping a record of stress trend, deficiency of a certain organ can be detected in its early stage.

Book Reference :

ACUPUNCTURE CURE OF MANY DISEASES – Dr Felix Mann
STRESS AND RELAXATION – Jane Madders
ALTERNATIVE MEDICINE Future Medicine Publishing, INC. Fife,
Washington