About Herb Gou Qi Zi

Wolfberry

Gou Qî Zi

Gou Qi Zi (Wolfberry fruit; Lycium fruit) , the dried fruit is ovate, spindle-shaped. The skin is bright or dark red. Large, red fruits with few seeds and sweet flesh are best. The botanical name is Lycium chinense Mill.; Lycium barbarum L; and the pharma name is known as Fructus Lycii. The taste is sweet with neutral properties. It enters the liver and kidney channels.

Action:

1. To replenish the liver and kidney Yin (vital essence) 2. To nourish the blood 3. To improve eyesight

Indication:

1. Impotence, nocturnal emission, aching back and legs 2.Vertigo, decreased eye-sight 3. Diabetes mellitus. Contra-indication: For a person with true heat; diarrhea; and spleen dampness.

Chemical Component:

Carotene, vitamin B1, B2, and C, nicotinic acid, ß-sitosterol, linoleic acid, Ca, P, Fe. Recommended Dosage: 6 – 15gm.

Pharm. Action:

  1. Lower the concentration of blood sugar in diabetes.
  2. Inhibit the deposition of fat in liver cells and promote the regeneration of liver cells.
  3. Lower blood cholesterol and prevent the formation of atherosclerosis.
  4. Can enhance the nonspecific immunity, phagocytosis of the macrophage, and the production of T-lymphocytes.

(reference : The handbook of chinese herbs)

Actions and Indications

Nourishing yin and moistening the lung, tonifying the liver and kidney, nourishing the blood and improving acuity of sight. It is used for : (1) Hectic fever due to yin deficiency; (2) Dizziness, blurred vision, decline of sight, soreness and lassitude of the loins and knees, spermatorrhoea and diabetes, etc.

Prescriptions

1. GOU QI GAO

Ingredients : Wolfberry fruit.

Actions and indications : Tonifying the kidney, promoting the production of body fluid, nourishing the liver and improving sight. It is used for deficiency of the liver and kidney, soreness and lassitude of the loins and knees, dizziness and blurred vision.

Direction and dosage : Take 9-15 grams orally, twice a day.

2. GOU QI JIU

Ingredients : Wolfberry fruit, Chinese angelica root, fleece-flower root, capejasmine, cynomorium, safflower, psoralea fruit, poria ophiopogon root and achyranthes root, etc.

Actions and indications : Tonifying the liver and kidney, nourishing blood and improving eye sight. It is used for deficiency of both the liver and kidney, dizziness, blurred vision, and soreness and pain of the loins and knees.

Direction and dosage : Take 10-15ml orally, twice a day. Caution : It is contraindicated for patients with hypertension.

3. QI JU WAN

Ingredients : Wolfberry fruit, chrysanthemum flower, prepared rehmannia root, poria, Chinese yam, alisma, schisandra fruit and glossy privet fruit, etc.

Actions and indications : Nourishing yin and improving eye sight. It is used for yin deficiency of the liver and kidney, dark vision, dizziness and tinnitus.

Direction and dosage : Take 9 grams orally, twice a day.

4. QI JU DI HUANG WAN

Ingredients : Wolfberry fruit, chrysanthemum flower, prepared rehmannia root, dogwood fruit, moutan bark, Chinese yam, poria and alisma.

Actions and indications : Nourishing the kidney and tonifying the liver. It is used for yin deficiency of the liver and kidney, dizziness, tinnitus and blurred vision.

Direction and dosage : Take 6-9 grams orally, twice a day.

Chemical Compositions

The fruit contains betaine, zeaxanthine, physalien, carotene, ß-sitosterol, thiamine, riboflavine, niacin, ascorbic acid, linoleic acid, vitamins B1,B2, C, various amino acids, and elements such as Ca, P and Fe, etc.

Main Pharmacological Actions

  1. Lower blood sugar
  2. Lower the level of serum cholesterol and increase phospholipid
  3. Improve cell’s immune function
  4. Act as choline
  5. Increase the level of testosterone and strengthen the body
  6. Protect the liver

(reference : The Collection of Ageing Delaying Traditional Chinese Medicines with Color Illustration)

Other Indications:

Liver-kidney yin depletion; weak, weakening and aching of knees and lumbago; dizziness; copious tears; vacuity taxation cough; wasting thirst; seminal emission.

Daily dosage: 5 – 10g.
(reference : The Illustrated Chinese Materia Medica, page 142)

Used for multiple myeloma, carcinoma of pancreas and liver cancer.
(reference : Kang Ai Zhi Wu Yao Ji Qi Yang Fang, page 507)

About Herb He Shou Wu

Chinese herb

Hé Shôu Wu

Common Name: Fleeceflower root
Botanical Name: Polygonum multiflorum Thunb.
Pharm. Name: Radix Polygoni Multiflori
Used Part: Tuberous root
Taste and Property: Sweet, bitter, astringent, slightly warm
Embryonic Property: Liver and kidney

Action:

  1. To replenish the vital essence of the liver and kidney
  2. To nourish the blood
  3. Laxative
  4. Detoxicant

Indication:

  1. Early greying of hair, aching back and knees, neurasthenia, insomnia, palpitation
  2. Anemia
  3. Constipation of the elderly
  4. Boils, abscess, scrofula
  5. Hypercholesteremia

Contra-indication: For a person with diarrhea

Chemical Component:

Anthraquinone (chrysophanol, chrysophanic acid, rhein, chrysophanic acid anthrone, emodin, methylemodin), tannin, lecithin

Recommended Dosage: 9 – 25gm

Pharm. Action:

  1. Action on blood sugar – after a period of 30 – 60 minute of the oral intake of the decoction by the rabbits, the blood sugar concentration will reach the highest point, then slowly decline.
  2. Increase liver glycogen content – experiment done on the hungry adrenalectomized mice.
  3. Lower blood cholesterol – reduce the absorption of cholesterol in the intestines, prevent the deposition of cholesterol in liver, and prevent the formation of atheosclerosis.
  4. Lecithin is the essential ingredient in the formation of nerve tissues, blood cells and other cell membranes.
  5. Cardiotonic – excitatory action on the frog’s heart in vitro.
  6. Laxative – because of anthraquinone (rhein and emodin)
  7. Anti-bacterial – inhibit the growth of Mycobacterium tuberculosis, bacillus dysenteriae.
  8. Action similar to adrenalcorticoid hormone.

(reference: The handbook of chinese herbs)

Nature and Taste

Raw : bitter, astringent in taste and neutral in nature.
Prepared : bitter, sweet in taste and warm in nature.

Action and Indications

Processed fleece-flower root: invigorating the liver and kidney, replenishing vital essence and blood, blackening hair, strengthening bones and tendons and prolonging life.

Raw fleece-flower root: loosening the bowel to relieve constipation, detoxicating and removing damp-heat.

It is used for: 1) Sallow complexion due to deficiency of blood, dizziness, tinnitus, early whitening of hair, soreness and lassitude of loins and knees, numbness of limbs and hyperlipemia. Frequent use can cure dyszoospermia; (2) Constipation due to dry intestine, abscess, scrofula, sores and carbuncle.

Direction and Dosage: Be decocted first, take 9-30 grams daily..

Toxicological Study

Raw fleece-flower root is more toxic than prepared one. In general, there are no side effects in clinical applications. But some people will have more times of stool, affect with slight diarrhea and abdominal pain after administration. A few will feel chest distress and intense heat inside.

Caution : It is contraindicated for patients with loose stool or with serious damp phlegm.

Prescription:

QI BAO MEI RAN DAN

Ingredients: Fleece-flower root (prepared), Chinese angelica root, psoralea fruit, wolfberry fruit, dodder seed, poria and achyranthes root.

Actions and indications : Tonifying the liver and kidney and blackening hair. It is used for deficiency of both the liver and kidney, early whitening of hair, loose teeth, spermatorrhea, night sweat, dysphoria, thirst, emaciated body and lassitude of tendons and bones.

Direction and dosage: Take 9 grams orally, twice a day.
Caution : Cold and pungent stimulants are prohibited to be eaten.

(reference : The Collection of Ageing Delaying Traditional Chinese Medicines with Color Illustration)

Other Indications:

Liver-kidney yin depletion with signs such as premature greying of the hair, weakness of lumbar and knees, and seminal emission; blood vacuity dizziness; uterine bleeding; vaginal discharge; enduring malaria; swollen yong; intestinal wind; hemorrhoids.

Source : The Illustrated Chinese Materia Medica, page 52

Used for tumors of bone, acute leukemia and intracranial malignant tumor.
reference : Kang Ai Zhi Wu Yao Ji Qi Yang Fang, page 389